February 14, 2018

Kangra Fort- The Oldest Fort in India

Located atop a hillock on the fringes of Kanga town, Kangra fort is the largest fort in Himalayas and also beleived to be the oldest in India. There are mentions that the fort was first built a couple of millenniums ago during the times of Trigarta kingdom, however, it gained prominence during the rule of Katoch dynasty which is an offshoot of Trigarta dynasty. Trigarta dynasty has mentions in the epic, Mahabarata, and ruled areas of Punjab and Kangra. The Katoch rulers who were a Rajput clan resisted the initial attacks from Mahmud of Ghazni and Akbar, but Kangra fort was taken over by the Mughals under Shah Jahan in 1620 CE. Though it was won back in 1789 CE by Raja Sansar Chand II, the fort was taken over in mid 19th century by the British. 

A huge earthquake in 1905 CE destroyed most of the fort and what now remains are the crumbling fort walls, a few lovely entrance gates and a couple of temples with intricate works. The fort ramparts and the terrace on top offers lovely views of the surroundings. There is a museum next to the fort and also audio guides are available at the entrance to help you walk through the history of Kangra fort.

Ranjit Singh gate

The long flight of steps from Ahini gate

The Katoch crest

Amiri gate

Jahangiri gate

Fort ramparts

Andheri gate

Darshini gate

Courtyard and ruins

Peepal tree

Adityanath Jain temple

Fort ruins

Wells where gold and coins were stored

Steps leading to the higher levels

Carvings on Laxmi Narayan temple

More carvings

Leading to the next level

Views from the fort

The terrace


Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.


The fort is 23 Kms from Dharamshala, the nearest major town. The closest airport is at Gaggal (12 Kms) and the nearest rail head is at Chakki bank. There are taxis plying between Dharamshala and Kangra.


  1. Splendid photographs in monochrome and well labelled. I spent a great deal of time at Kangra Fort and loved it.

  2. Beautiful. The entrance itself looks formidable.

  3. I love the monochrome photography done! Kudos! :)

  4. Love the pics in black and white,liked the idea that every conqueror added a gate ti the fort

  5. You described and photographed it beautifully...

  6. The monochrome effect to the pictures transported me to the era. Great post!

  7. रंगीन फोटो लगाने थे भाई,उनमें यहां की खूबसूरती और शानदार लगती है।

    1. I wanted to give a different perspective to the photographs.


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